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vol.33 issue1MODALIDADES DE ENTERRAMIENTOS HUMANOS ARCAICOS EN EL NORTE DE CHILEEVOLUCIÓN DE LAS PRÁCTICAS MORTUORIAS EN EL LITORAL DE LA OCTAVA REGIÓN author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

ROSSEN, Jack  and  DILLEHAY, Tom D.. BONE CUTTING, PLACEMENT, AND CANNIBALISM?: MIDDLE PRECERAMIC MORTUARY PATTERNS OF NANCHOC, NORTHERN PERU. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2001, vol.33, n.1, pp.63-72. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562001000100010.

Mortuary practices of the Middle Preceramic period (ca. 8500-4000 B.P.) are discussed for the Nanchoc region of the upper Zaña Valley, northern Peru. Careful breaking, cutting, and placement of human bones from adult males during the Las Pircas Phase (8500-6000 B.P. ) gave way to more haphazard breakage and discard during the subsequent Tierra Blanca Phase (6000-5000 B.P.). The evidence of cannibalism is considered. Bone breakage, cutting, and possibly cannibalism is believed to have been part of a broader process of ritualization that mitigated the spiritual danger of the transition from hunting-gathering to horticulture

Keywords : Preceramic; mortuary practices; Nanchoc; Zaña Valley; cannibalism.

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