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vol.32 issue1TEMPORAL TRENDS IN OLD WORLD PATTERNS OF MORBIDITYPRIMERA EXPEDICIÓN ARQUEOLÓGICA A LOS MAUSOLEOS CHACHAPOYA (S)¹DE LA LAGUNA DE LAS MOMIAS (Dpto. de Amazonas, Perú) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

ETXEBERRIA, Francisco; ROMERO, Willian M.  and  HERRASTI, Lourdes. CIFOSIS ANGULAR DE LA COLUMNA VERTEBRAL: IDENTIFICACIÓN DEL MAL DE POTT EN UNA MOMIA GUANE PREHISPÁNICA DE COLOMBIA. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2000, vol.32, n.1, pp.41-48. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562000000100008.

The macroscopic description of lesions continues to be one of the fundamental parts of paleopathological studies. Under the same heading, we present a mummy with a hunchback of the vertebral column which can be ascribed to a cifosis angular condition. The results of a radiographic study suggests the existence of a selective destruction of the spinal column in vertebrae D11 and D12. The image is characteristic of a tuberculosis type cavity which settles in place (establishes itself) such as described by Jacques Mathieu Delpech in 1828, with the curvature of the spine, and nerve conditions due to marrow compression and abscesses due to congestion as described by Dr. Percival Pott in 1799. Our case is of a young adult, male mummy found in a cave in the Department of Santander, Colombia. In addition to the aforementioned, there exists a condition of periostitis near the lesser trochanter of the left femur that can result from the drainage of pus to this point through the large psoas muscle. In many cases, this is the normal evolution of this condition. In this way, it is reasonable to diagnose this condition as tuberculosis, increasing the evidence for this infectious disease. This has been fully demonstrated in América Precolombina by Arriaza et al. (1995) and Lombardi (1995) through a DNA study of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Keywords : Tuberculosis; mummies; paleophathology.

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