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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

ROMO, Marcela; CASTRO, Victoria; VILLAGRAN, Carolina  and  LATORRE, Claudio. LA TRANSICIÓN ENTRE LAS TRADICIONES DE LOS OASIS DEL DESIERTO Y DE LAS QUEBRADAS ALTAS DEL LOA SUPERIOR: ETNOBOTÁNICA DEL VALLE DEL RÍO GRANDE, 2a REGIÓN, CHILE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 1999, vol.31, n.2, pp.319-360. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73561999000100006.

An ethnobotanical study from the Rio Grande valley and Machuca (in northern Chile's II Region) shows 265 common names and 224 uses for the 131 plant species consulted. Most of the names come from the Spanish language (48%) or are a combination of Spanish and an indigenous term (14%); 7% of the names were quechua and 5% aymara, while 16% of the names had meanings in both languages. Only 3% of the names were kunza while 5% had some term from this language. This spectra shows the evident hispanization of the area. In the ceremonial ambit we find significant relationships. In Rio Grande and Machuca, koa corresponds to the same species used in the upper Loa (Fabiana squamata). Yet, when this species is not available, the koa hembra is used, Parastrephia quadrangularis, which is the very same species used in the Salar de Atacama. Based on this study, we postulate that Rio Grande, together with the communities from the upper Loa river constitute an unified tradition with some proper features, that as a whole represents a transition between the purer altiplanic culture of the I Region, and those surrounding the Salar de Atacama, while both exhibit the stronger atacamenean influences of the region

Keywords : Ethnobotany; Chilean Andes; ethnoclassification; intercultural transitions.

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