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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

FRITZ G., Ricardo et al. Use of treprostinil in a patient with a severe pulmonary arterial hypertension no responding to the maximal therapy available. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2020, vol.36, n.1, pp.41-47. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73482020000100041.

In high risk Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) patients with functional class (FC) IV, specific therapy must be combined and must include systemic prostacyclin (PGI2), meanwhile they are enlisted for double lung transplant (DLT). In Chilean Public Health System, nebulized Iloprost is the only PGI2 available to combine with Sildenafil and either Ambrisentan or Bosentan as endothelin receptor antagonist. This association is not enough for severe cases with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. The first case from the National Institute of Thorax as a referral center is presented now in a 24 years-old lady treated with treprostinil. She has severe PAH with DLT indication. Treprostinil is a PGI2 analog, for subcutaneous use in a dose from 1 to 40 ng/kg/min. She was extremely sick, with FC IV, she walked < 300 m at 6 min walking test (6 MWT), presented pericardial effusion and severe RV dysfunction, with TAPSE (echocardiography index for RV dysfunction)=13 cm/s, ProBNP > 2,500 pg/ml. Six months after being at intensive care unit with triple therapy (Sildenafil, ambrisentan and nebulized Iloprost) plus oxygen, diuretics and milrinone, she was finally discharged after receiving a 3 weeks treprostinil course. She came back to work two months later and her condition was more stable: FC III, she walked > 440 m at 6MWT, with a significant improvement in RV function with TAPSE = 19. Although ProBNP decreased to 1,491pg/ml, it was still high, pointing out the progressive nature of her disease. However, she met a better clinical condition which allows her to reach a much better quality of life from a personal, familial and social point of view.

Palabras clave : Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension; Young adult; Sildenafil citrate; Ambrisentan; Treprostinil; Iloprost; oxygen; Lung transplantation.

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