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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348


ZEPEDA F, GUILLERMO et al. Congenital pulmonary airway malformation or congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.145-151. ISSN 0717-7348.

Objective: To describe 16 patients treated for a congenital pulmonary anomaly named congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) or congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) in Roberto del Río children S Hospital. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patienes who had had surgery for CPAM/CCAM from January 2000 to July 2014. Results: We found 16 cases, 9 of them were males. Nine had surgery within the first year of life (5 of them within 3 weeks of life). According to Stocker 's classification CPAM/CCAM was type 1 in 9 patients, and type 2 in 7. Diagnosis was based on antenatal ultrasonography s (n = 10), persistent abnormalities in Chest X-Ray (n = 4), recurrent pneumonia (n = 1) and incidental radiological findings (n = 1). Computed Tomography (CT) was performed in 13 patients, CT angiography in 2 and only chest x-ray in one. The lesions were located in right upper lobe (3), right middle lobe (2), right lower lobe (4), left upper lobe (4) and left lower lobe (3). One patient had pectus excavatum and another one had ventricuar septal defect. They all had open thoracotomy with lobectomy of the affected area. Postoperatively was uneventful except for transient lobar atelectasis in 2 patients. There was no mortality. Conclusions: We emphasize the early diagnosis and good outcome of our patients treated which this disease. Our findings are consistent with those that has been reported in the literature.

Palabras clave : Congenital pulmonary airway malformation; congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation; congenital lung malformations; congenital thoracic malformation.

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