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Historia (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7194

Resumen

BETANCOURT CASTILLO, Francisco. Negocios privados apoyados por la autoridad. La competencia comercial Callao-Valparaíso: una acusación en 1804. Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2018, vol.51, n.2, pp.339-364. ISSN 0717-7194.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-71942018000200339.

One topic that has always been addressed by historiography, regarding the commercial competition between the main ports of Perú and Chile, is the situation regarding Chilean wheat that was highly demanded in the Peruvian market. Notwithstanding, this enmity or competition has been studied little, taking into account businesses and the concrete interests of those who are the true protagonists of this story: traders and storekeepers. Focusing on them, the present article attempts to contribute to the knowledge about this competition in the South American Pacific. It makes visible not only an economic issue but also, one related to politics and groups of influence. The article particularly attempts to figure out the backstory behind the rivalry through established merchants in Chile, basing this investigation on an accusation of monopoly made to the viceroy of Perú in 1804.

Palabras clave : Chile; Perú; Nineteenth Century; Commercial Rivalry; Merchants; Wheat; Monopoly; Businesses and Politics.

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