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Historia (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7194

Resumen

MATUS GONZALEZ, Mario. Emprendimientos tempranos de inmigrantes judíos en Valparaíso y Viña del Mar, 1920-1944. Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2018, vol.51, n.1, pp.113-139. ISSN 0717-7194.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-71942018000100113.

This article characterizes the first undertakings developed by Jewish immigrants between 1920 and 1944 in the city of Valparaiso and Viña del Mar, starting from a quantitative methodology applied to 65 business owners and 67 establishments. This work reveals that the majority of their establishments were not concentrated in terms of property, they were found mainly in Valparaíso throughout the commercial arteries that connected the lower plane of the city and were predominantly commercial -although some were industrial- and linked production and sales through small workshops-stores. Additionally, it shows that these entrepreneurs were Ashkenazi Jews-although there was a not insignificant proportion of Sephardic Jews-that arrived to the country during the 1920s, almost all without university education and took at least 15 years to become successful. Lastly, their actions served as the material basis for the first network of Jewish organizations in Valparaíso and Viña del Mar.

Palabras clave : Valparaíso; Viña del Mar; twentieth-century; Jewish immigrants; economic activity.

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