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Historia (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7194

Resumen

SERRANO, Sol. EL OCASO DE LA CLAUSURA: MUJERES, RELIGIÓN Y ESTADO NACIONAL. EL CASO CHILENO. Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2009, vol.42, n.2, pp.505-535. ISSN 0717-7194.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-71942009000200006.

The decline of the women religious model represented by contemplative nun convents between the end of the eighteenth century and the first half of the nineteenth, was part of a reform process experienced in different spheres of influence. Among them it is possible to mention the enlightened despotism, the liberalism exerted by National States and the ecclesiastical reformism of Chile. This article shows that contemplative nuns stopped being considered as women for liberalism because they did not fulfill a mother role. Moreover they were displaced within the Catholic realm by religious women with active roles in society, who fulfilled the role of social mothers. The exclusion of women from the enjoyment of political rights was linked to this process because the formationof a new public space required the conformation of a private space governed by mothers.

Palabras clave : Cloister Convent; Feminine Normative Model; Liberal State Formation; Ecclesiastical Reformism Nineteenth Century.

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