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vol.39 número2FÍSICA: SU TRAYECTORIA EN CHILE (1800-1960)EUROPA Y SU PERCEPCIÓN DEL NUEVO MUNDO A TRAVÉS DE LAS ESPECIES COMESTIBLES Y LOS ESPACIOS AMERICANOS EN EL SIGLO XVI índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Historia (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7194

Resumen

SANCHEZ MANRIQUEZ, KARIN. EL INGRESO DE LA MUJER CHILENA A LA UNIVERSIDAD Y LOS CAMBIOS EN LA COSTUMBRE POR MEDIO DE LA LEY 1872-1877. Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.2, pp.497-529. ISSN 0717-7194.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-71942006000200005.

This article reconstructs the process that culminated in the "Decreto Amunátegui", which allowed Chilean women the application to university studies. It analyzes the polemics which took place in the country's public opinion, starting with the initiative by Antonia Tarragó and Isabel Le Brun (1872 and 1876 respectively) for the recognition of high school exams as valid to apply to the Universidad de Chile. Press commentaries on their unsuccessful efforts contributed to building up the political environment for the signature, in February, 1877, by Miguel Luis Amunátegui, Minister of Education, of the decree facilitating the admittance of women to higher education. This article reflects on the significance of this decree in the context of the underlying secularization process, by paying special attention to the conflict expressed in the positions adopted by the Catholic and liberal presses. The conclusion is that these discussions express the tension between tradition and modernity taking place in Chilean culture during the second half of the 19th century

Palabras clave : feminine education; secularization; press; public opinion.

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