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Acta literaria

versão On-line ISSN 0717-6848

Resumo

LIPKE, Stephan. MACABRE REALISM IN JOSÉ RIZAL'S NOVEL NOLI ME TANGERE IN THE LIGHT OF NIKOLAI GOGOL'S POEM DEAD SOULS. Acta lit. [online]. 2020, n.61, pp.39-55. ISSN 0717-6848.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29393/al61-9rmsl10009.

Abstract: In this study we analyze Noli me tangere by José Rizal, in the context of the Filipino liberation movement. Just like Nikolai Gogol's poem Dead Souls not only describes realistically the sufferings of Russia, and most of all, of the serf farmers, and one of its main reasons, the lack of education in the middle and higher classes, but also makes fun of it, likewise, Rizal's "novela tagala", which belongs to the same artistic tradition of the grotesque, combines the realistic description of the Filipino people's suffering with ridicule. With the help of the history of world literature, as presented by Mikhail Bakhtin, Yuri Mann and Franca Beltrame, and in the light of E. San Juan, Jr.'s critical method we show that realism in both writers' works goes beyond political and social aspects and is strongly imbued with the macabre aspect, i.e. the shameless, absurd and ridiculous transgression of the realm of the dead by the living.

Palavras-chave : Nikolai Gogol'; José Rizal; Russia; Philippines; realism; grotesque; macabre.

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