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vol.66 issue2THE GENUS HYDROLITHON FOSLIE (CORALLINALES, RHODOPHYTA) ALONG THE ATLANTIC AND CARIBBEAN COASTS OF MEXICOSTRUCTURE AND FLORISTIC COMPOSITION OF A SHRUB UNDER PINUS RADIATA D.DON PLANTATION IN CENTRAL CHILE author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Gayana. Botánica

Print version ISSN 0016-5301On-line version ISSN 0717-6643

Abstract

SANCHEZ, Gloria E et al. GERMINATION OF RESTING STAGES OF DIATOMS AND DINOFLAGELLATES IN MARINE SEDIMENTS FROM TWO UPWELLING AREAS OF CHILE. Gayana Bot. [online]. 2009, vol.66, n.2, pp.239-255. ISSN 0016-5301.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-66432009000200009.

With the aim to assess germination of diatom and dinofiagellates resting spores we cultured under laboratory conditions surface sediments collected in the Mejillones Bay (23° S) and off Concepción (36° S), Chile. These sediments were cultured in the laboratory with a 12:12 h L/D cycle, light intensity of 140 umol m2 s"1, at room temperature, and with a salinity of 35.4 units. The main diatom species in the sediments were Skeletonema japonicum and Chaetoceros spores. Dinofiagellate cysts were represented by the genera Diplopsalis, Scrippsiella, and Woloszynskia and the species Protoperidinium avellanum and P. leonis. After 20 days of culturing, germination and growth was recorded for S. japonicum and several of the Chaetoceros species, although their abundance was low. The diatoms with abundant growth were Stauroneis legleri, Pseudostaurosira trainorii, Pseudostaurosira sp.l, Pseudostaurosira sp. 2, and Navícula pseudoreinhardtii. The dinofiagellate Woloszynskia sp. also germinated and grew abundantly in the culture. This study includes a brief description of the cultured species and some aspects of their ecology. In addition, we discuss the possible causes for low levels of germination in planktonic diatoms, finding low dissolved oxygen concentrations in the bottom waters to be one of the main factors that presumably affected the survival of resting spores in the sediment.

Keywords : Diatoms; dinoflagellates; resting stages; cultures; sediments; Chile.

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