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Cinta de moebio

On-line version ISSN 0717-554X

Abstract

PINONES-RIVERA, Carlos; GALDAMES-DEL SOLAR, Rodrigo  and  MANSILLA, Miguel. From the unconscious to the symbolic function: the originality of Freud's contribution to the individual-society debate. Cinta moebio [online]. 2018, n.62, pp.155-169. ISSN 0717-554X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-554X2018000200155.

The relation between individual and society has been a main topic across the history of social sciences. The aim of this paper is to show the originality of Sigmund Freud's ideas about the topic, through a comparative analysis with the approaches of the socio-anthropological currents of the school of Culture and Personality (Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Ralph Linton) and of French Sociology (Emile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss and Claude Lévi-Strauss). Our research was based on a bibliographical analysis of some key socio-anthropological texts on this debate, as well as the relevant Freudian production. The interpretation of the Freudian material was organized according to three topics: a) the affirmation of the symbolic determination of symptoms, b) the methodological erasure of the individual society distinction, and c) the theorization of a mythical, transindividual and transhistorical efficacy. We conclude by emphasizing the contributions of Freud's thought to the discussion: the affirmation of symbolic determination offers the conditions for overcoming the externality relation between the pole of the individual and that of society, and the consequent rejection of a specular relationship between the two.

Keywords : symbol; function; culture; personality; structuralism; psychoanalysis; myth.

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