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Literatura y lingüística

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5811

Resumo

ARAVENA, Soledad  e  QUIROGA, Riva. Adjectives in late lexical development: analysis of narrations written by secondary students. Lit. lingüíst. [online]. 2021, n.43, pp.421-445. ISSN 0716-5811.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29344/0717621x.43.2786.

A narrative writing task was assigned to 120 Chilean students from three secondary levels and two socioeconomic groups. In their texts, adjectives were analyzed in terms of frequency and in terms of their morphological (simple, derived), syntactic (predicative, modifying and pre-nominal, post-nominal) and seman- tic (qualifying, relational) characteristics. The results show that the age / school level factor is significant for all the measures analyzed, while the socioeconomic factor only affects the use of relational adjectives. This is interpreted in terms of its potential to refer to entities in a precise and specialized way, and characteristics of the language of the school. The study concluded that adjectives of study are of great relevance and that lexical richness manifests itself and evolves during adolescence.

Palavras-chave : adjectives; development; narrative writing; socioeconomic groups.

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