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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumo

ESPINOSA AGUILAR, Marcelo. From state to soul: thoughts on social and individual justice of Book IV in Plato’s The Republic. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2020, n.42, pp.721-733. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552020000100721.

The aim of this paper is to review the conception of justice of Book IV in Plato’s The Republic. We will start with some general considerations about the work that justify the choice for this particular Book. Justice is approached by the author from a double perspective. We will develop an understanding separately, of its social (based on the πόλις) and individual (own of the ψυχή). In both cases, we will place special emphasis on the particular methodological strategy used by the author, consisting on the tripartition of the polis and the soul. On this point, we will propose a rereading of the relationship between the two kinds of justice and we will clarify the underlined internal character of individual justice. Finally, and once justice is fully characterized, we will concentrate our reflections on the role of the law on the platonic state.

Palavras-chave : Plato; The Republic; justice; polis; soul; law.

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