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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumo

CORTES Z., José Luis. Historical background to the rules on “communicability” of mitigating and aggravating circumstances in the Chilean Criminal Code: the Neapolitan and Roman antecedents. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2020, n.42, pp.499-530. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552020000100499.

A quest for the historical background of Article 64 of the Chilean Criminal Code (legal provision significant as it deals with the so-called problem of “communicability” and as a model for recent proposals of legal reform) is justified because it is interpreted based on the literal meaning of its wording. Its origins can be traced back eventually to Roman Law, through the usual model of the national legislation (the Spanish Code of 1848 as amended in 1850) and through the Neapolitan codification of 1819. This evolution underlines that the process of setting up regulations of a general nature required different rules applicable under different circumstances, respectively allowing and blocking the “communicability” effect. Furthermore, this quest shows how these origins are related to cases subject currently to a particular and different regulation.

Palavras-chave : “Communicability”; mitigating and aggravating circumstances; origins; furtum.

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