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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumo

CAJAS SARRIA, Mario Alberto. Ley heroica or social defense of 1928 against the “Bolshevik threat” in Colombia. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2020, n.42, pp.429-454. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552020000100429.

During the last government of the conservative hegemony (1926-1930), there were increasingly more strikes and worker mobilizations and the Revolutionary Socialist Party. According to the Executive, all of this was part of the Bolshevik Revolution expansion and, to face it, they launched legal offensive and repressive actions against the workers' movement and any "socialist" political organization. One of the tools aimed at such purpose was Act 69, of 1928, or Social Defense Act, which was approved with the opposition of the Liberal minority in the Congress, who were afraid that the Act would also be used to repress them. The so-called Ley Heroica established a strong press censorship, and decreed that public protests as well as “causing or encouraging the abolishment or the lack of knowledge, by way of subversive actions, of the property and family right” were crimes. This article reconstructs the pathway of the act from its sources to its partial amendment in 1931, under the new Liberal government; it places it within its political context and also examines one of the most important institutional designs: press and public order judges.

Palavras-chave : Ley Heroica; Social defense act; Communism and anticommunism in Colombia; Press and public order judges.

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