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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumo

SCOTTO BENITO, Pablo. The Hiring of Work and Labour in the French Civil Code. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2020, n.42, pp.377-394. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552020000100377.

The Napoleonic Code (1804) introduces an important change in the hiring of work and labour with respect to French legal tradition: the centre of the contract is no longer what is handed over, but who pays and who gets paid. This view -whose underlying idea is that human labour is a property like any other- implies a certain downward levelling of ‘hiring of work’ standards to ‘hiring of labour’ ones. The craftsman ceases to be a lessee, to become a lessor of his own labour, just like the servant. This does not mean, however, that both are treated in the same way: the Code devotes different groups of articles to each one. The gens de travail are available to those who employ them, while the entrepreneurs d’ouvrages enjoy independence in the tasks they perform.

Palavras-chave : Napoleonic Code; hiring of work and labour [hiring of labour and industry]; work and labour; social classes; Robert Joseph Pothier; Jean Domat.

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