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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumo

SANCHEZ-SANCHEZ, Víctor Manuel. Political refugees, captives slaves and other migrants in the international law of the Ancient Middle East (II millennium b. C.). Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2020, n.42, pp.39-65. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552020000100039.

The international treaties of the second millennium b. C. in the Ancient Middle East (AME) show the importance that the regulation of migratory flows acquired at that time. The economic and political foundations of these norms make it easy to draw critical analyzes compared to current international law regarding the same phenomena. The loss of social profitability of human beings as a consequence of demographic changes would explain the Copernican difference in past and present normative models. The variety of extradition clauses existing in the treaties shows the problems caused by the convergence of personal and territorial criteria to demand the exercise of jurisdiction in the first moment of crystallization of large territorial states. The violation of the capture and extradition obligations established was alleged as a just cause for the recourse to war. Only the recovery of human economic value will allow the change in the current regulation of migratory flows.

Palavras-chave : History of international law; refugees; war captives; ius ad bellum; ius in bello; ancient international law; ius publicum europium; law of the treaties; immigration; war prisoners.

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