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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

MELO, Angélica et al. Factors associated with Chlamydia trachomatis in women with vaginitis attending in primary health care. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2021, vol.38, n.3, pp.333-339. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182021000300333.

Background:

Chlamydia trachomatis is recognized as the causative agent of one of the most common and curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In women, it can be a trigger for pelvic inflammatory disease, a risk factor for infertility or acquisition of other STIs.

Aim:

To determine CT in women with vaginitis and associate it with sociodemographic, sexual, clinical, and vaginal microbiota factors.

Methods:

121 female volunteers > 18 years of age, with a clinical diagnosis of vaginitis and abnormal vaginal discharge, attending in primary health care services (PHC) in Temuco-Chile were recluted. A vaginal discharge sample was taken, determining C. trachomatis by polymerase chain reaction and vaginal microbiota by Gram stain. Clinical, sociodemographic and sexual data were collected by survey.

Results:

Age range was 18-61 years. The frequency of C. trachomatis was 14.9%. C. trachomatis was associated with a higher number of sexual partners in the last 5 years (p = 0.001), oral plus anal sex (p = 0.055) and sex toys (p = 0.027); there was a non-significant association with bacterial vaginosis 31.2% (p = 0.091) and initiation of sexual activity < 18 years 20.6% (p = 0.07).

Conclusions:

It would be beneficial to incorporate in the gynecological semiology of the women attended in PHC services, the factors found to favor C. trachomatis infection, as this could help the management of this STI.

Palabras clave : Chlamydia trachomatis; adult women; vaginitis; sexual partners; coinfection.

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