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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

ESTIGARRIBIA, Gladys et al. Clinical-epidemiological characterization of patients with tuberculosis in the Department of Caaguazú, Paraguay. 2014-2017. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.6, pp.750-755. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182020000600750.

Background:

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the ten leading causes of death worldwide.

Aim:

To characterize the clinical and epidemiological point of view of TB cases reported in the Department of Caaguazú-Paraguay, from 2014 to 2017.

Methods:

Observational, descriptive, retrospective study; Population: 659 cases of TB registered in the National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTCP); variables: age, sex, population group, type of TB, TB/HIV coinfection. We procesed database in Excel 2016 © using Stata 14.0®.

Results:

63.3% were of male gender, average age: 35.8 years, 39.6% were indigenous and 85.4% were liberty deprived persons known as inmates (LDP), 89.6% had pulmonary TB and 2,4% had TB/HIV coinfection. Incidence rate exceed 21.6/100,000 inhabitants in 2014. Indigenous incidence was 76.5/100,000 inhabitants in 2017, LDP incidence was 2,272.1/ 100,000 inhabitants in 2017.

Conclusion:

The incidence of TB in the Department of Caaguazú is low, mainly affecting men, while TB incidence in indigenous people and LDP was high.

Palabras clave : tuberculosis; Mycobacterium sp; epidemiology; social determinants of health.

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