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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

SANDOVAL C., Alejandra et al. Clinical-epidemiological characterization of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis of seven public hospitals. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.6, pp.667-674. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182020000600667.

Background:

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) presents high mortality and postoperative, gastrointestinal and neurodevelopmental morbidity. There is limited information about NEC in Chile.

Aim:

To describe the clinical/epidemiological behavior of newborns who underwent NEC.

Methods:

Multicenter descriptive study of patients with NEC from seven hospitals of Santiago, Chile, during 2016. Descriptive statistics and univariate/multivariate analysis were performed (SPSS v22 software).

Results:

75 cases were collected. Median days of life at diagnosis was 11, gestational age was 29 weeks, birth weight 1,114 g. The incidence was 2.6 per 1,000 live newborns and mortality was 18.6%, higher in ≤ 750 g, ≤ 25 weeks and surgical NEC. There was 45.3% microbiological isolation and 19 different empirical antibiotic schemes were used for the treatment of NEC. The multivariate analysis showed a higher risk of surgery in umbilical arterial catheter users, CRP > 10 mg/L and positive microbiological isolation. The highest risk of death was in umbilical arterial catheter users.

Discussion:

This ie the first multicenter study that collects local data information. The incidence was similar to that found in medical reports but with a lower mortality. There is no consensus of antibiotic treatment to use. With these results we hope to advance in improving the diagnosis and unify antimicrobial treatments, to reduce morbidity and mortality figures.

Palabras clave : necrotizing enterocolitis; intestinal microbiota; breastfeeding; microbiology isolation; empirical antibiotic therapy.

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