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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018


GONZALEZ-ACUNA, Daniel  y  LLANOS-SOTO, Sebastián. A systematic revision of viral and bacterial pathogens of free-ranging wild birds in Chile. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.4, pp.422-442. ISSN 0716-1018.

Knowledge about pathogenic agents present in wild birds is pivotal to properly prevent transmission events that might threaten public and animal health. This systematic review organizes all information available about viral and bacterial pathogens of Chilean wild birds, determines which pathogens and avian orders have received attention from the local scientific community, evaluates changes in the frequency of article publication, and identifies gaps in knowledge regarding these pathogens. A total of 35 peer-reviewed publications have been published from January 1941 through April 2019. Viral agents were evaluated in 11 studies, while 24 involved bacteria. Article publication has been mostly discontinuous in years prior to 2006. Salmonella spp. and avian influenza have been the most studied pathogens with 10 and 8 studies, respectively. Los Ríos and Valparaíso regions concentrate the highest number of studies and no research has been carried out in O'Higgins, Maule, and Aysén regions. Overall, information about pathogens in wild birds is scarce, highlighting the need for increased effort to identify pathogens being carried by avian reservoirs and evaluate the potential threat that they might pose for wildlife conservation, animal production, and the public health system in Chile.

Palabras clave : avian; Chile; birds; bacteria; virus; zoonoses.

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