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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

IBARRA, Cecilia  y  PARADA, Mirtha. Penicillin Production in Chile between 1944 and 1954. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.88-96. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182015000200013.

Penicillin production in Chile was a pioneering development; however there is not much information to learn about it. The Chilean Institute for Bacteriology (Instituto Bacteriológico de Chile) produced penicillin between 1944 and 1973. The stage starting in 1953 is better known since there was an agreement with United Nations. Our research focused on building a story about production between 1944 and 1954 based on archival information and the national and international historic context. Our results place Chile amongst the pioneer countries in the successful industrialization of the drug. Our conclusions are that this was a proper industrial production as opposite to a pilot plant - a name commonly used to call the early factory. We explain the production plant trajectory by making relations between technological change and governance. Finally, we believe the later expansion of the plant, in the context of the agreement with the United Nations, took place under unpromising governance conditions, which called for passive innovation and technology management.

Palabras clave : Penicillin; production; Chilean technological history; Instituto Bacteriológico de Chile.

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