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vol.79 número4Variabilidad genética y estructura poblacional del tunicado Pyura chilensis Molina, 1782, en la costa de Chile índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista chilena de historia natural

versión impresa ISSN 0716-078X


AGUSTO, PABLO et al. Communities of scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) of the transitional coastal desert of Chile. Rev. chil. hist. nat. [online]. 2006, vol.79, n.4, pp.407-421. ISSN 0716-078X.

In Chile, the order Scorpiones has 35 species, included in the families Bothriuridae, Iuridae, and Buthidae. Most of them are endemic species, well adapted to xeric environments. We studied the taxonomic structure of the scorpiofauna with regards to the plant formations present in the transitional coastal desert of Chile (25-32º S). Captures of scorpions were conducted with pitfall traps and UV light. Data from de field were complemented from literature and reference material. We identified the presence of 9 species in a total of 226 specimens captured, in the families Bothriuridae and Iuridae. The most abundant genera of Bothriuridae, represented by eight species, were Brachistosternus and Bothriurus, with 55.4 % and 11 % respectively of total captured specimens. Regarding Brachistosternus, Br. (Leptosternus) roigalsinai was the most abundant species, with 38.9 % of total captured specimens. Caraboctonus keyserlingi (Iuridae) made the 33.2 % of total captured specimens. The highest species richness of scorpions, with six and seven species were respectively, the plant formations of the coastal desert of Huasco (27°52' S, 71°05' W; 29°24' S, 71°18' W) and those of the coastal shrubby steppe (29°24' S, 71°18' W; 30°34' S, 71°42' W). The coastal deserts of Tal-Tal (23°52' S, 70°30' W; 27°51' S, 71°05' W) and Huasco presented exclusive species. The analysis of correspondence showed that, to the scorpiofauna studied, the coastal shrubby steppe would represent a transitional zone of geographic distribution. Finally, we discussed in function of substrate preference, some aspects related to habitat occupation showed by some of the recorded species

Palabras clave : Scorpiones; Bothriuridae; Iuridae; coastal desert; arid zones; Chile.

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