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Revista geológica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0716-0208


GORDILLO, Sandra; RABASSA, Jorge  and  CORONATO, Andrea. Paleoecology and paleobiogeographic patterns of mid-Holocene mollusks from the Beagle Channel (southern Tierra del Fuego, Argentina). Rev. geol. Chile [online]. 2008, vol.35, n.2, pp.321-333. ISSN 0716-0208.

As the Beagle Channel lies between the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans, this is a critical region for the interpretation of faunal distributions in the Magellan Region. This work proposes a paleoenvironmental interpretation of the Holocene, inferred from malacological data. The development of different local benthic paleocommunities during the mid-Holocene is associated with the diversity of habitats inside this channel. The analysis of records of Venus antigua and Ensis macha through time and their geographic links to ecological factors showed that these taxa are typical elements of the cold-temperate seas throughout the Magellan Region, showing a similar range of distribution and paleodistribution. The presence of these taxa in life position (AMS 14C of 6,276±41 years BP) suggests that during the mid-Holocene the Beagle Channel was a path for dispersion of these taxa between the two oceans. Whether Venus antigua andEnsis macha are Pleistocene survivors or Holocene migrants is herein discussed. In the future, integrated cross-disciplinary studies will be necessary for a better understanding of the biogeographic relationships among magellanic mollusks.

Keywords : Paleoecology; Mollusca; Holocene; Tierra del Fuego.

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