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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

BERTRAND Z., Francisca; SEGALL K., Dafne; SANCHEZ D., Ignacio  y  BERTRAND N., Pablo. Lung auscultation in the 21th century. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2020, vol.91, n.4, pp.500-506.  Epub 24-Ago-2020. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.32641/rchped.v91i4.1465.

Lung auscultation is an essential part of the physical examination for diagnosing respiratory diseases. The terminology standardization for lung sounds, in addition to advances in their analysis through new technologies, have improved the use of this technique. However, traditional auscultation has been questioned due to the limited concordance among health professionals. Despite the revolu tionary use of new diagnostic tools of imaging and lung function tests allowing diagnostic accuracy in respiratory diseases, no technology can replace lung auscultation to guide the diagnostic process. Lung auscultation allows identifying those patients who may benefit from a specific test. Moreover, this technique can be performed many times to make clinical decisions, and often with no need for- complicated and sometimes unavailable tests. This review describes the current state-of-the-art of lung auscultation and its efficacy based on the current respiratory sound terminology. In addition, it describes the main evidence on respiratory sound concordance studies among health professionals and its objective analysis through new technology.

Palabras clave : Lung auscultation; respiratory sounds; physical examination; childhood.

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