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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

CARDENAS, Angie Milena; ORTIZ RIVERA, Claudia Jimena  y  CORREA, Roberto Andrés. Pediatric acute liver failure. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2020, vol.91, n.3, pp.457-465. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.32641/rchped.v91i3.1284.

Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rare and life-threatening entity in pediatrics which requires a multidis ciplinary approach for early diagnosis and treatment. The objective of this article is to update defi nitions, management, and available treatments. We obtained the articles by reviewing the literature available between 2000 and 2020 in different databases (Pubmed, LILACS, BIREME, Google Scholar, and UpToDate), using terms such as “acute liver failure” in Pubmed, and in other databases “pedia tric acute liver failure” and “falla hepática aguda en pediatría” using filters such as age, publication date, and types of study (clinical trials, review articles, systematic reviews, and case-control studies). We chose those articles with the highest number of citations and with recent data. The ALF requires support in the pediatric intensive care unit and its early diagnosis favors the beginning of treatment. In pediatric patients with ALF, it is recommended to focus on age-specific diagnostic testing. There is no agreement regarding the liver transplantation in pediatric cases of ALF.

Palabras clave : Acute liver failure; pediatrics; treatment.

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