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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106


PILAR, Hevia J. et al. Recommendations on diagnosis, management and study of the urinary tract infection in pediatrics. Nephrology Branch of the Chilean Society of Pediatrics. Part 2. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2020, vol.91, n.3, pp.449-456. ISSN 0370-4106.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most frequent bacterial infections in pediatrics, however, its diagnosis and management can be complicated due to the nonspecific clinical presentation, the difficulty of exams interpretation, especially in the younger group, and due to an uncertain progno sis regarding kidney damage. In recent years, due to evidence-based medicine contribution, there has been a significant worldwide change in treatment, diagnosis and imaging studies that have been performed to date, arising the need for update the current recommendations on UTI management published by the Pediatric Nephrology branch of the Chilean Society of Pediatrics in previous years. The purpose of these recommendations is to reduce the variability of clinical practice in management of UTI in our pediatric population, favoring diagnostic and therapeutic interventions are carried out in the most appropriate way, improving detection and management of structural pathology and others risk factors for kidney damage, avoiding unnecessary actions in children at low risk. Diagnosis and treatment recommendations were published as a first part. This second part includes study re commendations, prevention and follow-up of urinary tract infection in pediatric age.

Palabras clave : Urinary tract infection; acute pyelonephritis; renal scars; vesicoureteral reflux; children.

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