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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

ORREGO G., Jaime et al. Ex-Utero Intrapartum Treatment for airway management in congenital giant neck masses. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2020, vol.91, n.3, pp.398-404. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.32641/rchped.vi91i3.1385.

Introduction:

Congenital head and neck masses are associated with perinatal asphyxia and brain injury, increasing the risk of death. The EXIT (Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment) technique con sists of ensuring the newborn’s airway while is still receiving placental support. This technique has not been standardized in developing countries.

Objective:

To describe the clinical outcomes of two infants who underwent the EXIT technique.

Clinical Case:

We present two cases, one with lymphatic malformation diagnosed at 20 weeks of gestational age (WGE) and the second one, a preterm newborn with thyromegaly and polyhydramnios, diagnosed at 35 WGE. In both cases, during the C-section, the EXIT technique was performed with a team of a neonatologist, a gyne cologist, an anesthesiologist, a pediatric surgeon, an otolaryngologist, a nurse, and a respiratory therapist. In both patients, the neonatologist achieved to secure the airway through orotracheal intubation at the first attempt. In the first case, lymphatic malformation was confirmed and re ceived sclerotherapy, and the second one was diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism which was managed with levothyroxine. The patients needed invasive mechanical ventilation for 7 and 9 days, respectively, and were discharged without respiratory complications.

Conclusions:

In these patients, the EXIT technique was a safe procedure, carried out without inconvenience. A multi disciplinary approach and the availability of a neonatal intensive care unit are needed to reduce potential complications and ensure postnatal management. Timely prenatal diagnosis is essential to perform this technique.

Palabras clave : Orotracheal Intubation; Newborn; Head and Neck Neoplasms; Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment; EXIT.

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