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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

CAVAGNARO SM, Felipe. The kidney of the premature child: Long-term risks. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2020, vol.91, n.3, pp.324-329. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.32641/rchped.v91i3.1607.

The premature newborn faces extrauterine conditions with some systems still immature, both ana tomically and physiologically. The kidney finishes developing at the end of the third trimester of pregnancy, so it is especially exposed to alter its normal development if preterm birth occurs. This si tuation may condition, among other consequences, a lower functional renal mass and microvascular changes comprising a high risk of chronic kidney disease in the long term and arterial hypertension. This article analyzes the current evidence on these risks in premature infants and offers a nephrology follow-up scheme of these children.

Palabras clave : Prematurity; newborn; low birth weight; renal function; arterial hypertension; chronic kidney disease.

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