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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106


GONZALEZ-ORTIZ, Cesar Leonardo; JAIMES LEGUIZAMON, Sandra Bibiana  y  CONTRERAS-GARCIA, Gustavo Adolfo. Peroxisomal disorder, rhizomelyc chondrodysplasia punctata type 1: case report. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2017, vol.88, n.4, pp.511-516. ISSN 0370-4106.

Introduction: Peroxisomal diseases are a group of monogenic disorders that include defects in peroxisome biogenesis or enzyme dificiencies. Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata type 1 (RCDP1) belongs to the first group, caused by autosomal recessive mutations on PEX7 gene, encoding for PTS2 receptor. The aims of this report are to describe a genetic disease of low prevalence, explaining its main characteristics and the importance of the diagnostic approach and genetic counseling. Case report: 13-month-old male infant with no medical history, family or consanguinity, demonstrate at birth upper limbs shortening. Surgery intervention at seven months old for bilateral cataract. Growth retardation, psychomotor retardation, minor craniofacial anomalies, rhyzomelic shortened upper limbs and lower limbs lesser degree. Punctata calcifications in patella cartilage. Also fatty acid phytanic and pristanic increased levels. Patient dead at age of 3 years. Discussion: RCDP1 is a rare disease, with a prevalence of 1/100,000. Different mutations of PEX7 gene have been described, with variations in phenotype. The treatment is basically symptomatic and depends on the severity of clinical manifestations. The rhizomelic type has poor prognosis, most patients do not survive before the first decade of live. Genetic counseling is essential because it is consider a 25% risk of recurrence.

Palabras clave : Chondrodysplasia punctate; peroxisomal disorders; PEX7 gene; osteochondrodysplasia Introducción.

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