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Revista chilena de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0370-4106

Abstract

FIGUEROA, MJ; ROJAS, C  and  BARJA, S. Morbimortality associated to nutritional status and feeding path in children with cerebral palsy. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2017, vol.88, n.4, pp.478-486. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062017000400006.

Introduction: Children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) have a high prevalence of malnutrition associated to poor prognosis. For an adequate nutritional assessment, new growth curves (Brooks, 2011) are available, in which precise cut-off points in Weight/Age index correlate to increased morbidity and mortality rate. Objective: To evaluate risk of hospitalization and death in patients with CP, according to nutritional risk (NR). Patients and Method: Observational and prospective cohort study of patients with CP in an outpatient referral center. We registered demographic, socioeconomic data and nutritional assessment. During a one-year follow-up, hospitalizations and mortality were recorded. The correspondent committee extended an ethical approval. Results: 81 CP patients were recruit, age 131.6 ± 60.4 months (25-313), 60 % male, 77.5 % without independent mobility. The 23 NR patients (28.4%) had lower muscle and fat mass (p = 0.000). During the follow-up, 29/81 patients required hospitalization (35.8%) and 4/81 died (4.9%). There was not an increased risk of hospitalization and/or mortality in NR group, but both were significantly higher in gastrostomy-fed children (RR: 2,98 CI 95%: 1.32-6.75 combining both variables). Conclusions: In this study, children and adolescents with severe CP and nutritional risk had similar morbidity and mortality during a one-year follow-up, compared to those with acceptable nutritional status. Both risks were higher in gastrostomy-fed than the orally fed children.

Keywords : Cerebral Palsy; Gastrostomy; Growth Charts; Nutritional status; Nutritional risk.

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