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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

AZOCAR, Marta; VEGA, Álvaro; FARFAN, Mauricio  y  CANO, Francisco. NPHS2 Mutation analysis study in children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2016, vol.87, n.1, pp.31-36. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/.1016/j.rchipe.2015.06.025.

Abstract: Podocin is a protein located in the glomerular slit diaphragm where it takes part in the regulation of glomerular filtration. Mutations of the NPHS2 gene that codes podocin are the main cause of autosomal recessive steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Objectives: To identify the NPHS2 mutations in Chilean children with SRNS, and to determine the prevalence of the most common variants in a group of healthy adults. Patients and methods: Mutation analysis of NPHS2 in 34 Chilean children with SRNS. Once the two most common variants of NPHS2 were identified, screening for these mutations was performed on 233 healthy adults. The mutation analysis was performed by the direct sequencing of the eight coding exons by polymerase chain reaction amplification. The DNA sequencing was performed using a fluorometric method, and then evaluated with SeqPilot™ software. The relationship between the presence of NPHS2 variants and SRNS was calculated by comparing the allele frequency between patients with SRNS and those of the healthy volunteers using the exact Fisher test. A P < .05 was considered significant. Results: Pathogenic NPHS2 mutations were detected in 7 (21%) of the 34 patients studied, of which 6 were heterozygotes for p.R229Q and p.A284 V. The presence of p.R229Q was 2.46% in the healthy volunteers. Conclusions: This study shows that p.R229Q and p.A284 V are the most frequent variants in Chilean children with SRNS. It is the first time that this relationship has been reported in Chilean children. Based on this, a screening strategy is proposed for the genetic study in patients with SRNS and their families. A parallel or sequential search strategy for p.R229Q and p.A284 V in these patients is proposed.

Palabras clave : Nephrotic syndrome; Steroid-resistant; Podocin; NPHS2; Glomerular slit diaphragm.

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