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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

DE LA MAZA L, Verónica et al. Impact of an educational program for parents of children with cancer on the increased knowledge of their children's disease and the decrease in anxiety. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.5, pp.351-356. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.04.027.

Purpose: To determine the impact of an educational program provided by a nurse to parents of children with cancer to improve the level of knowledge of the disease and to decrease the levels of anxiety. Patients and methods: A prospective randomized study was conducted on parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer and treated in the Hospital Luis Calvo Mackenna. After informed consent, parents were randomized in two groups: one receiving the educational program and another without intervention. Both groups completed a questionnaire on social risk, and three tests to assess the levels of knowledge and anxiety. Results: A total of 96 parents were enrolled (July 2010-November 2011). When comparing the number of correct responses on day 10, and day 90 after the intervention, a significant increase was observed in the level of parental knowledge in the group that received the educational program (P < .0001). No significant differences were observed in the levels of anxiety (P = .06) between both groups. Conclusions: An educational program provided by nurses to parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer, increased the knowledge of their children's disease. However there was no effect on the levels of anxiety. A feasible educational intervention is proposed that could be implemented at other cancer centers for children.

Palabras clave : Cancer; Education; Anxiety; Parents.

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