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Revista chilena de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0370-4106

Abstract

MASTRO-MARTINEZ, Ignacio et al. Severe rhabdomyolysis secondary to severe hypernatraemic dehydration. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.4, pp.279-282. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.06.016.

Introduction: Rhabdomyolysis is a rare paediatric condition. The case is presented of a patient in whom this developed secondary to severe hypernatraemic dehydration following acute diarrhoea. Case report: Infant 11 months of age who presented with vomiting, fever, diarrhoea and anuria for 15 hours. Parents reported adequate preparation of artificial formula and oral rehydration solution. He was admitted with malaise, severe dehydration signs and symptoms, cyanosis, and low reactivity. The laboratory tests highlighted severe metabolic acidosis, hypernatraemia and pre-renal kidney failure (Sodium [Na] plasma 181 mEq/L, urine density> 1030). He was managed in Intensive Care Unit with gradual clinical and renal function improvement. On the third day, slight axial hypotonia and elevated cell lysis enzymes (creatine phosphokinase 75,076 IU/L) were observed, interpreted as rhabdomyolysis. He was treated with intravenous rehydration up to 1.5 times the basal requirements, and he showed a good clinical and biochemical response, being discharged 12 days after admission without motor sequelae. Conclusions: Severe hypernatraemia is described as a rare cause of rhabdomyolysis and renal failure. In critically ill patients, it is important to have a high index of suspicion for rhabdomyolysis and performing serial determinations of creatine phosphokinase for early detection and treatment.

Keywords : Dehydration; Hypernatremia; Rhabdomyolysis; Pediatric intensive critical care.

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