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Revista chilena de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0370-4106

Abstract

CASTILLO C, Carmen; SANTANDER M, Dolores  and  SOLIS F, Fresia. Self-concept level in children with burns sequelae: A comparative study. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.4, pp.251-256. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.03.003.

Introduction: Self-concept is the set of ideas and attitudes that a person has about him/herself. Objective: To evaluate whether there are differences in the level of self-concept in children 8-12 years old with and without burns sequelae. To identify predictive variables of self-concept in children with sequelae. Patients and method: A comparative cross-sectional study of self-concept in 109 children with burns sequelae, from 8 to 12 years old, with 109 children without burns sequelae, and of the same age and socioeconomic status. The Piers-Harris self-concept scale is used, which provides a general measurement of self-concept and behavioural, intellectual and school status, appearance, and physical attributes, anxiety, popularity, happiness and satisfaction dimensions. Results: There were no significant differences in the level of general self-concept or their dimensions (P > .05). In the group with burns sequelae, the protective factor was the variable number of sequels was associated with the dimensions of anxiety, popularity, happiness-satisfaction and general self-concept. The location variable emerged as a risk factor for the behavioural dimension. Discussion: The absence of differences in self-concept between children with burns sequelae and children without them is similar to that reported in the literature. The finding in the risk and protective factors encourages to further research, and perhaps incorporating pre-morbidity and family background.

Keywords : Burns; Children; Sequelae; Self-concept; Self-esteem; Risk factor.

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