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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

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GARCIA L, ISIDORA; OLIVOS P, MARICARMEN; SANTOS M, MARCELA  y  GUELFAND CH, MIGUEL. Thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia with and without tracheoesophageal fistula. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2014, vol.85, n.4, pp.443-447. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062014000400006.

Introduction: Esophageal atresia (EA) is the interruption of the continuity of the esophagus, with or without persistent communication with the trachea. Recent advances in surgical techniques have made possible correction with minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Objective: To evaluate the management of thoracoscopic technique in the treatment of EA. Patients and Method: Retrospective analysis of medical records in two centers was carried out between 2007 and 2012. Variables such as gestational age, gender, weight, type of esophageal atresia, malformations, surgery and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: Twenty patients, 15 of them with type III EA, 4 with type I and one unclassifiable, were part of the study. 13 patients underwent ligation, cut of tracheoesophageal fistula and end to end anastomosis. Two underwent laparoscopic gastrostomy and fistula ligation. One patient required conversion and underwent esophagostomy plus gastrostomy. 4 patients without fistula required laparoscopic gastrostomy and aspiration of the proximal esophagus to be able to perform esophageal anastomosis. In the postoperative period, pleural drainage and a transanastomotic feeding tube were installed. Seven patients required esophageal dilations and 4 patients developed stenosis due to reflux. Two had recurrent fistula, one with spontaneous resolution and another with endoscopic resolution. Three children died: two of them due to pathologies not related to surgery and one as a result of limitation of therapeutic effort after fistula patency. Discussion: Esophageal atresia repair with MIS is a safe and effective option with excellent exposure and visualization of anatomic landmarks and little associated morbidity.

Palabras clave : Esophageal atresia; tracheoesophageal fistula; thoracoscopy.

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