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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106


CATOIA FONSECA, BRUNO et al. Splenogonadal fusion, a rare cause of pediatric testicular mass: Clinical case. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2013, vol.84, n.3, pp.308-312. ISSN 0370-4106.

The splenogonadal fusion is a rare anatomical variation, with only a few reports in the literature. The close relationship between the spleen and the primitive left gonad in a specific moment of the embryonic development could explain this phenomenon. Objective: To point out the clinical presentation and treatment of this condition, through the first case published in our country. Clinical case: We report the case of a male child, 2 years 10-month-old, who consulted for silent swelling of the left testis, which Doppler ultrasound study revealed a hypervascular, polar mass. A surgical exploration was performed, and a solid, adherent, liver-like structure was observed over the testicle. The intraoperatory biopsy was informed as benign splenic tissue. Conclusion: The reviewed articles describe important information about the development, classification, presentation and management of this condition. The knowledge and inclusion of this condition in the differential diagnosis of pediatric testicular masses allows the medical team to choose for conservative therapeutic measures. Once the diagnosis is established, often intraoperatively, a complete resection of the splenic tissue is enough for these patients, avoiding an unnecessary orchiectomy.

Palabras clave : Splenogonadal fusion; testis; spleen; testicular mass.

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