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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

JAKUBSON S, LETICIA et al. Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophagic Fistula: Evolution and Postsurgical Complications. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2010, vol.81, n.4, pp.339-346. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062010000400008.

Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula are congenital anomalies associated with respiratory and gastrointestinal morbidity. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe clinical characteristics of patients with EA and TEF during childhood, specially focused on respiratory and gastrointestinal complications. Methods: We reviewed the clinical charts from fifteen patients admitted to our hospital and who were followed locally between 1995 and 2007. Results: Gross classification distribution was: A: 0, B: 0, C: 12, D: 2, E: 1. Waterston distribution was Al: 6, B1: 1, B2: 4y C2: 4. Associated malformations to EA and TEF were 7/15. Main morbidity during the follow up period was: Recurrent pneumonia: 6/15, recurrent wheezing 12/15, tracheomalacia in 9/15 and apnea in one patient. Fistula re-opening in 3/15, Gastro esophageal reflux in 15/15 esophagic stenosis in 7/15. All patients were admitted to the hospital at least once during the follow up and in 12/15 of this were due to respiratory causes. Conclusions: EA and TEF after surgical repair have significant respiratory and gastrointestinal morbidity and frequent admission to the hospital during the first years of life.

Palabras clave : Esophageal Atresia; Tracheoesophageal Fistula.

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