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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106


TCHERNITCHIN, ANDREI N et al. Effects of acute exposure to cadmiun on response to estrogen in the prepuberal rat uterus. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2008, vol.79, n.4, pp.373-380. ISSN 0370-4106.

Background: Few information is available about uterine effects of Cadmium (Cd) exposure, where toxic agents affecting the female genital tract interact with estrogen (E) receptors, modifiying myometrial activity and the menstrual cycle, causing dysmenorrhea, infertility and spontaneous abortion. No information exists whether prenatal or early postnatal exposure may cause any gynecologic persistent adverse effect. Our finding of a second mechanism of E interaction and differences between E receptors in the various uterine cell types suggests that Cd may affect differently E interaction in each cell-type. Objective: Evalúate a possible selective effect of acute Cd exposure on E action in the uterus during prepuber age. Method: Female prepuber rats exposed to Cd 4 mg/kg and 2 hours later, treated with Estradiol-172 0,3 mg/kg. A myometrial sample was obtained under anesthesia 24 hours after E treatment and histologically processed for the quantification of E responses on different uterine cell-types. Results: Cd exposure potentiates E-induced uterine eosinophilia and endometrial edema and inhibits E-induced cell hypertrophy in circular myometrium and cell proliferation in luminal myometrium. Cd, in the absence of hormone stimulation, causes a slight cell hypertrophy in circular myometrium. Conclusions: Acute exposure to Cd affects differently various responses to E in the different uterine cell-types. Future studies should verify whether this effect explains Cd-induced infertility, postpubertal sex organ development and whether prenatal or early postnatal exposure to Cd induces delayed persistent effects

Palabras clave : Cadmium; toxicity; uterus; estrogen; estrogen responses; immature rat.

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