SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.76 número4Radiología de esófago, estómago y duodeno en el estudio del lactante con regurgitación y/o vómitos habitualesConocimiento y percepciones culturales de los padres sobre los juguetes apropiados para sus hijos: Encuesta en dos Consultorios de Atención Primaria de Santiago Metropolitano índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartir


Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

INIGUEZ O., Fernando et al. Laringotraqueobronquitis en niños hospitalizados: Características clínicas. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2005, vol.76, n.4, pp.57-362. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062005000400003.

Laryngotracheobronchitis in hospitalized children: Clinical features Introduction: Laryngotracheobronchitis or croup is a frequent respiratory condition in children younger than 5 years-old, although there are few studies published in national literature. Objective: Characterise croup episodes in our institution. Methods: A retrospective and descriptive study during 2001-2003. Results: 78 children were admitted during this period, identifying 72 croup events. Most patients were admitted in autumn (65%), 62% were males and the mean age was 16,5 months, with 80% cases younger than 2 years-old. Symptoms prior admission had a mean duration of 2 days (interval 1-10), presenting stridor (85%), barking cough (78%) and fever (72%). Mean hospitalization was one day (interval 1-11). Parainfluenza virus was identified in half of 23 indirect inmunoflurescence studies. Patients received racemic epinephrine (100%), systemic steroids (96%), oxygen (15%), salbutamol (11%) and antibiotics (11%). Complications were infrequent and include pneumonia (3%) and bacterial tracheitis (2%). Conclusions: Our study showed that croup was a frequent condition in males younger than 2 years-old. Most patients present symptoms in autumn and winter, with short-period hospitalizations and low risk of complications

Palabras clave : Croup; laryngotracheobronchitis; steroids; epinephrine; children.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons