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Revista chilena de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0370-4106

Abstract

CODNER D, Ethel et al. New schemes of insulin treatment in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus attending a Public Hospital. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2004, vol.75, n.6, pp.520-529. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062004000600003.

Introduction: During the last decade the importance of glycaemic control in the prevention of microvascular complications of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) has been demostrated. To achieve this goal, different modalities of intensive therapy have been recommended. Objective: To communicate a novel therapeutic modality employed in paedriatric patients and the metabolic control achieved. Methods: All DM patients < 19 years were included. Insulin treatment was consigned and classified as intensive (at least 3 daily doses, 2 or 3 NPH daily doses, or glargin) or conventional (2 or less doses). Number of doses, mean HbA1c during 2003, results of educative programmes were evaluated and compared. Results: 69 patients (36 females) were studied, 59,7% were pubertal, with a mean age of 12,0 ± 3,7 years. All patients used a basal insulin (69,2% daily dose) and a prandial insulin. Intensive therapy was used by 87% of children. Patients with multiple daily doses received 3 or 4 inyections of a short or rapid acting insulin. Basal insulin was glargine in 10%, twice daily NPH in 28% and thrice daily in 49%. Patients modified dose according to glucose level occured in 88,4%, and 46,4% considered carbohydrate intake. 27% knew the carbohydrate/insulin ratio and 79,7% used additional insulin when eating extra carbohydrates. The BbA1c was 8,6 ± 1,4% without differences in terms of insulin modality used. 30,4% achieved the proposed goals of HbA1c. The total and basal insulin usage correlated with the HbA1c. Conclusions: Multiple modalities of insulin therapy are available, no difference in metabolic control between the modalities was detected. We have achieved very good control in 30% of the patients, only insulin daily dose and basal dose correlated significatively with HbA1c

Keywords : diabetes mellitus; insulin; adolescence; intensive treatment.

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