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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106


DI IORIO, Susana; URRUTIA, María I.  y  RODRIGO, María A.. Psychological development, malnutrition and poverty. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2000, vol.71, n.3, pp.263-274. ISSN 0370-4106.

The aim of this publication was to analyze in a comparative study the psychological development of children with early malnutrition from poor homes in the urban marginal zone of Gran La Plata, comparing them with children from the same procedence without early malnutrition. Population: Selection of the sample: Experimental group (EG): Children under ambulatory care, from de Nutritional Rehabilitation Unit of Hospital "Sor María Ludovica" of La Plata, aged 0-24 months, without neurological or genetic injury, with primary undernutrition, low social and economical level (SEL), located at Gran La Plata. Control group (CG): Well nourished children, paired by sex, age and SEL. Material&methods. Since the admission to the Program (Level l), a systematic longitudinal follow-up was carried out during two years (Level 2). Children were assessed 10 years after admission again (Level 3). Psychological development was assessed with standard tests in accordance to children age. The nutritional status was assessed through Weight/Age modified Gómez’s criterium in agreement with national standards. SEL was assessed through Specific Index for Urban Populations with low SEL. Results. L1: EG showed differences with CG and the standard, while the CG had no difference with the standard. L2: The EG improved and there was no difference between EG and CG; however both of them showed differences with the standard test. L3: both groups showed very low scores and significant differences with the expected values for the standard test. Conclusions. The children assessed in this study, both well nourished and undernourished, showed a low average in the intelectual performance, mainly due to poverty

Palabras clave : psychological development; undernutrition; poverty.

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