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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

KAEMPFFER R, Ana M; MEDINA L, Ernesto; CORNEJO A, Edith  y  HERNANDEZ A, Enrique. Children's hospital care: a follow-up after discharge. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 1998, vol.69, n.4, pp.163-167. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41061998000400007.

Objective: to know the results of hospital care through a follow-up performed 30, 180 and 365 after discharge. Method: an aleatory sample or 1 000 patients assisted in 1997 from the public hospitals of the Northern area of Santiago were studied. Four hundred and fourteen of them were children or adolescents and they were visited at their homes. The survey identified the long term health condition, accomplishment of medical indications after discharge, costs of medical care and oppinions about the hospital care. Results: a 70% out of total cases were healthy and recovered one month after discharge; the ratio was 75,6% months afterwards. Stable condition was present in: 19%, 1% were in a worse condition and 9,5% required a new hospital admission. The case fatality rate during the first month after discharge was 0,2%. Result’s are similar in oath sexes. Best results were noticed in newborn and adolescents 15*19 years of age; in respiratory and communicable disease patients and hospital stays from 2-5 days. Significant differences were observed according to main type of treatment, condition at the moment of discharge, accomplishment of post discharge indications and type of health insurance. Conclusions: children and adolescents hospital care shows good results after discharge, better than adult’s results, with a low fatality rate, but a rather high need of a second hospitalization.

Palabras clave : hospital; pediatrics; hospitalization; hospital discharge.

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