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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GONZALEZ, Carolina et al. Perception of the educational environment in residents of medical specialties in Chilean universities. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2022, vol.150, n.3, pp.381-390. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872022000300381.

Background:

The Learning Environment (LE) influences the performance of students, learning, social life, mental health, and the future of work.

Aim:

To assess the learning environment (LE) among medical residents of 64 specialties.

Material and Methods:

Two validated instruments “Postgraduate Hospital Education Environment Measure” (PHEEM) and “Ambulatory Care Learning Educational Environment” (ACLEEM), and open questions were answered online by 1259 residents from 15 universities. A descriptive and analytical statistical analysis and semantic deductive-inductive analyses of open questions were performed.

Results:

LE was positive rather than negative (PHEEM of 100.5 points (79-116) and ACLEEM of 138.5 points (120-157)). An age over 32 years, male sex, studying in a private university, being in first year of residence and being in a non-surgical specialty were associated with a better PHEEM score (p < 0.05). For ACLEEM, the first year of specialty, a non-surgical specialty and studying in a private university were associated with better scores (p < 0.05). Two programs had excellent LE (Pathological Anatomy and Ophthalmology) and no specialty had a very poor performance or many problems. Aspects of teaching, clinical activities, and teachers were strengths reported by students. Aspects to improve were teaching, protected times and clinical activities.

Conclusions:

LE among medical specialties had more positive than negative features, but with areas that should be improved.

Palabras clave : Educational Measurement; Education, Medical, Graduate; Internship and Residency; Surveys and Questionnaires.

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