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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

ARAB, Juan Pablo et al. Resumen ejecutivo: Enfermedad por hígado graso no alcohólico en sujetos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2: Postura conjunta de la Asociación Chilena de Hepatología (ACHHEP) y la Sociedad Chilena de Diabetología (SOCHIDIAB). Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2021, vol.149, n.9, pp.1360-1371. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872021000901360.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has a high prevalence and risk of progression to cirrhosis and other complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Likewise, the presence of NAFLD implies a high risk of developing T2DM, determining a bidirectional relationship between them. The diabetology and hepatology societies, developed a joint initiative aiming to unify criteria, reviewing the definitions, diagnostic criteria, risk stratification, treatment, and follow-up of patients with NAFLD and T2DM. The key questions to be discussed were defined by a panel of specialists in diabetology and hepatology. The Delphi methodology was used to reach consensus on the respective recommendations. Based on the discussion generated among the experts, diagnostic and treatment algorithms were proposed, as well as an indication for referral and the role of the different specialists involved in the management of these patients. Strengthening multidisciplinary work with patients with NAFLD and T2DM will allow the early recognition of the disease, the prevention of the progression to cirrhosis, and reducing the associated complications.

Palabras clave : Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Fatty Liver; Liver Cirrhosis; Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

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