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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

RAMIREZ-ALARCON, Karina et al. Legume consumption in chileans: findings from the 2016-2017 national health survey. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2021, vol.149, n.5, pp.698-707. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872021000500698.

Background:

Legumes are low cost and high-quality nutritional foods. In Chile, a twice per week legume consumption is recommended to promote health and prevent disease.

Aim:

To characterize the consumption of legumes according to sociodemographic and anthropometric variables in the Chilean adult population.

Material and Method:

Analysis of data from 5,473 participants of the 2016-2017 National Health Survey. The compliance with legume consumption was studied in population groups, according to sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, through logistic regression analyses.

Results:

Only 24% of all participants (51.4% of women) fulfilled legume intake recommendations. After adjusting for sociodemographic variables, the participants who were less likely to comply with the recommendation were widowers (Odds Ratio (OR): 0.58 [95% confidence intervals (CI): (0.40; 0.85]). On the contrary, people between 70-80 years (OR: 1.78 [95% CI: 1.11; 2.88]), those who resided in rural areas (OR: 1.62 [95% CI: 1.25; 2.10]) and those who resided in the Maule region (OR: 2.11 [95% CI: 1.37, 3.25]) had a higher likelihood of compliance.

Conclusions:

One out of four Chileans complied with the recommendations of legume consumption. Even though the results differed when stratified by sex, it is highlighted that living in rural areas increased the probabilities of an adequate legume consumption.

Palavras-chave : Fabaceae; Health Care Surveys; Nutrition Policy.

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