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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

CONCHA-CISTERNAS, Yeny  and  (EN REPRESENTACION DE TODOS LOS INTEGRANTES DEL CONSORCIO ELHOC, EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LIFESTYLE AND HEALTH OUTCOMES IN CHILE) et al. Prevalence of low hand grip strength in Chilean older adults. Findings from the national health survey 2016-2017. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.11, pp.1598-1605. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872020001101598.

Background:

Handgrip strength is an indicator of frailty in older people.

Aim:

To determine the prevalence of low handgrip strength in older Chilean adults.

Material and Methods:

A cross-sectional analysis of 244 individuals aged 60 years or more, participating in the 2016-2017 Chilean National Health Survey, was carried out. Handgrip strength was evaluated by a hand dynamometer and low grip strength was determined as a grip strength ≤ 15 kg and ≤ 27 kg for women and men, respectively.

Results:

Twenty nine percent of participants had low grip strength. The average grip strength among 60-year-old men and women was 34.7 and 22.1 kg, respectively. These figures decreased to 28.8 kg and 17.2 kg among 90-year-old men and women, respectively. The prevalence of low grip strength in men and women aged 60 years was 18%. In 90-year-old men and women, these figures increased to 79% and 56.3%, respectively.

Conclusions:

The prevalence of low grip strength increased substantially with age.

Keywords : Chile; Frail Elderly; Hand Strength; Frailty.

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