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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

BRUNSER, Alejandro M. et al. Determinants of door to needle time for intravenous thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.8, pp.1090-1095. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872020000801090.

Background:

Intravenous thrombolysis (IT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is time dependent. The time elapsed from hospital admission to the thrombolytic bolus is named door to needle time (DNT) and is recommend to be of less than 60 min.

Aim:

To describe the DNT in our center and determine those factors associated with a DNT longer than 60 min.

Material and Methods:

Prospective analysis of patients treated with IT at a private hospital between June 2016 and June 2019. The percentage of patients with DNT exceeding 60 min, and the causes for this delay were evaluated.

Results:

IT was used in 205 patients. DNT was 43.6 ± 23.8 min. Forty patients (19.5% (95% CI, 14.4-25.7), had a DNT longer than 60 min. Uni-varied analysis demonstrated that AIS with infratentorial symptomatology (ITS), was significantly associated with DNTs exceeding 60 min. A history of hypertension, a higher NIH Stroke Scale score, the presence of an hyperdense sign in brain tomography (p = 0.001) and the need for endovascular therapy (p = 0.019), were associated with DNT shorter than 60 min. Multivariate analysis ratified the relationship between ITS and DNT longer than 60 min (Odds ratio: 3.19, 95% confidence intervals 1.26-8).

Conclusions:

The individual elements that correlated with a DNT longer than 60 min were the failure to detect the AIS during triage and doubts about its diagnosis.

Keywords : Stroke; Triage; Thrombolytic Therapy.

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