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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

ALVEAR, SANDRA et al. Factors influencing self-reported health in Chilean older people. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.11, pp.1407-1414. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872019001101407.

Background

Self-reported health is subjective and depends on external factors such as socioeconomic status, presence of chronic diseases and working status, among others.

Aim

To determine which factors influence self-reported health among older people in Chile.

Material and Methods

A secondary analysis of the National Socioeconomic Characterization survey done in 2015. A dichotomous response model was used classifying health status as good or bad. A logit regression model was carried out.

Results

The model had a good calibration and correctly classified 72 and 68% of men and women, respectively. The main factors that influenced health status self-perception were: not having health problems; having undergone a mental health interview, to receive supplemental nutrition, education, to have a productive work; and to having a social network.

Conclusions

There are health, cultural, economic and environmental factors that influence self-perceived health status.

Keywords : Frail Elderly; Healthy Aging; Logistic Models; Public Health; Self Report.

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